It is the largest city in Pakistan,   and fifth largest city proper in the world. Though the Karachi region has been inhabited for millennia,  the city was founded as the fortified village of Kolachi in The British embarked on major works to transform the city into a major seaport, and connected it with their extensive railway network. Karachi is one of the world's fastest growing cities,  and has communities representing almost every ethnic group in Pakistan.
Karachi is home to over 2 million Bangladeshi immigrants1 million Afghan refugeesand up toRohingyas from Myanmar. Karachi is now Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre.
Known as the "City of Lights" in the s and s for its vibrant nightlife,  Karachi was beset by sharp ethnic, sectarian, and political conflict in the s with the arrival of weaponry during the Soviet—Afghan War. Modern Karachi was reputedly founded in as the settlement of Kolachi-jo-Goth. The region around Karachi has been the site of human habitation for millennia. Late Palaeolithic and Mesolithic sites have been excavated in the Mulri Hills along Karachi's northern outskirts.
These earliest inhabitants are believed to have been hunter-gathererswith ancient flint tools discovered at several sites. The expansive Karachi region is believed to have been known to the Ancient Greeksand may have been the site of Barbarikon, an ancient seaport which was located at the nearby mouth of the Indus River. Under his rule, fortifications in the region acted as a bulwark against Portuguese incursions into Sindh.
InOttoman admira l, Seydi Ali Reismentioned a small port along the Sindh coast by the name of Kaurashi that may have been Karachi.
A new settlement was built in at the site of Dibrowhich came to be known as Kolachi-jo-Goth "The village of Kolachi". The name Karachee was used for the first time in a Dutch document fromin which a merchant ship de Ridderkerk is shipwrecked near the settlement.
Sindh's capital was shifted from Hyderabad to Karachi in untilwhen Karachi was annexed to the British Empire after Major General Charles James Napier captured the rest of Sindh following his victory against the Talpurs at the Battle of Miani. Following the annexation, the entire province was amalgamated into the Bombay Presidency for the next 93 years. A few years later inKarachi suffered a large cholera outbreak, which lead the to the establishment of the Karachi Cholera Board - the predecessor to the city's civic government.
The city grew under the administration of its new Commissioner, Henry Bartle Edward Frere, who was appointed in Karachi was recognized for its strategic importance, prompting the British to establish the Port of Karachi in Karachi rapidly became a transportation hub for British India owing to newly built port and rail infrastructure, as well as the increase in agricultural exports from the opening of productive tracts of newly irrigated land in Punjab and interior Sindh.
Following the Rebellion, British colonial administrators continued to develop the city's infrastructure, but continued to neglect localities like Lyari - which was home to the city's original population of Sindhi fishermen and Balochi nomads.
Public building works were undertaken at this time in Gothic and Indo-Saracenic styles, including the construction of Frere Hall in and the later Empress Market in With the completion of the Suez Canal inKarachi's position as a major port increased even further. InKarachi Port underwent radical improvements with connection to the railways, along with expansion and dredging of the port, and construction of a breakwater.
Under British rule, the city's municipal government was established. Known as the Father of Modern Karachimayor Seth Harchandrai Vishandas led the municipal government to improve sanitary conditions in the Old City, as well as major infrastructure works in the New Town after his election in Karachi's increasing importance as a cosmopolitan transportation hub lead to the influence of non-Sindhis in Sindh's administration.The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world and dating back at least 5, years, spread over much of what is presently Pakistan.
During the second millennium B. The area underwent successive invasions in subsequent centuries from the Persians, Greeks, Scythians, Arabs who brought IslamAfghans, and Turks.
The Mughal Empire flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries; the British came to dominate the region in the 18th century. The separation in of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan with West and East sections and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved, and India and Pakistan fought two wars and a limited conflict - in, and respectively - over the disputed Kashmir territory.
A third war between these countries in - in which India assisted an indigenous movement reacting to the marginalization of Bengalis in Pakistani politics - resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh.
In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in mid India-Pakistan relations improved in the mids but have been rocky since the November Mumbai attacks and have been further strained by attacks in India by militants believed to be based in Pakistan.
Pakistan has been engaged in a decades-long armed conflict with militant groups that target government institutions and civilians, including the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan TTP and other militant networks.
Decades of internal political disputes and low levels of foreign investment have led to underdevelopment in Pakistan. Pakistan has a large English-speaking population, with English-language skills less prevalent outside urban centers.
Despite some progress in recent years in both security and energy, a challenging security environment, electricity shortages, and a burdensome investment climate have traditionally deterred investors. Agriculture accounts for one-fifth of output and two-fifths of employment. Textiles and apparel account for more than half of Pakistan's export earnings; Pakistan's failure to diversify its exports has left the country vulnerable to shifts in world demand.
Human development continues to lag behind most of the region. The program concluded in September Although Pakistan missed several structural reform criteria, it restored macroeconomic stability, improved its credit rating, and boosted growth.
Demographics of Karachi
Balance of payments concerns have reemerged, however, as a result of a significant increase in imports and weak export and remittance growth. We read every letter or e-mail we receive, and we will convey your comments to CIA officials outside OPA as appropriate.
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Depending on what you provide, we may offer you compensation.The Population of Karachi in was 12, increasing at an average annual rate of 1. The population of Karachi in was 9, increasing at an average annual rate of 5. The Urban Extent of Karachi in was 45, hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 2. The urban extent in was 34, hectares, increasing at an average annual rate of 4.
Built-up Area Density in Karachi in was persons per hectare, increasing at an average annual rate of 0. The built-up area density in was persons per hectare, increasing at an average annual rate of 1.
The Urban Extent Density in Karachi in was persons per hectare, decreasing at an average annual rate of The urban extent density in was persons per hectare, increasing at an average annual rate of 1.
A total of 7, hectares of built-up area was added to the Karachi urban extent between and A total of 9, hectares of built-up area was added to the urban extent between and Average road width in the Karachi expansion area was 7. The density of arterial roads in Karachi's expansion was 2.
Average block size in Karachi's expansion area was 2. Areas and Densities. Blocks and Roads.All its names are believed to be derived from the Sindhi name of the original settlement that initially stood on the spot— Kalachi-Jo-goth meaning the village of Kalachi—the headman of the tribe.
It is also the port serving the landlocked country of Afghanistan. A low-lying coastal strip runs along the shore of the harbour.
Away from the coast, the ground rises gently to the north and east to form a large plain, from 5 to feet 1.
Almost half of the area is occupied by the city and its suburbs, and the surrounding square miles consist of agricultural land and wasteland. The relative humidity varies from 58 percent in October, the driest month, to 82 percent in Augustthe wettest month.
The average rainfall is 8 inches mm ; most of the rain falls during a total of 9 or 10 days in the months of June, July, and August. The city faces pollution problems. High humidity in the region does not permit evaporation of stagnant water in some places, while fumes from factories and automobiles contribute to air pollutionin spite of land and sea breezes. The natural vegetation is scanty. Seaweed rises in tangles, and mangroves grow along some of the shores. Coarse grass, cactus, and castor plants occur on the plains and hills, and date and coconut palms grow in the river valleys.2017 census ; comparison of Karachi & Lahore population
The common wild animals are wolves, chinkaras a type of gazellehog deer, jackals, wild cats, and hares. Domestic animals include sheep, goats, horses, and cows. Local birds include geese, ducks, snipe, cranes, flamingos, and ibis.
Various types of snakes are found in the region, particularly cobras, kraits, vipers, and pythons. Chundrigar Road McCleod Road. Beginning at Mereweather Tower in the vicinity of the port, these roads run through the centre of the city. Several roads, such as Napier Road, Dr. The old town lies near the port, to the north of M. Jinnah Road, and with extensions stretching along the material roads for over a mile; unplanned, it is reminiscent of medieval towns of the Middle East or Europe.
East of the old town are such districts as the Drigh Cantonment, the Civil Lines residential areas for senior civil service officersand the Saddar Bazar. This area is planned on a checkerboard pattern and shows European characteristics.
Beyond this stretch several radial roads, along which growth has taken the form of neighbourhood units; each unit is laid out with straight, broad roads connected by smaller streets. The land-use pattern of the city is complex.
In the central area, the preponderance of residential property tends to form a matrix within which all other functions are distributed. There is, however, a marked concentration of commercial buildings at the western ends of M. Jinnah Road and I. Chundrigar Road. Wholesale businesses are located in the old town, retail businesses along M. The outer areas are dominated by dormitory suburbs interspersed with a scattering of cantonments military quartersagricultural tracts, saltworks, airports, railway stations, and marshaling yards.
The city proper has old and decayed buildingsoccupied by members of the middle and lower income groups. Farther from the city centre are modern bungalows occupied by richer persons; the outer zone is occupied by workers. The central area contains apartment bungalows, barracks, and multistoried buildings; the outer areas are characterized by bungalows, blocks of flats, and quarters streets of small houses.It is the largest city in Pakistan,   and fifth largest city proper in the world.
Though the Karachi region has been inhabited for millennia,  the city was founded as the fortified village of Kolachi in The British embarked on major works to transform the city into a major seaport, and connected it with their extensive railway network. Karachi is one of the world's fastest growing cities,  and has communities representing almost every ethnic group in Pakistan. Karachi is home to over 2 million Bangladeshi immigrants1 million Afghan refugeesand up toRohingyas from Myanmar.
Karachi is now Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre. Known as the "City of Lights" in the s and s for its vibrant nightlife,  Karachi was beset by sharp ethnic, sectarian, and political conflict in the s with the arrival of weaponry during the Soviet—Afghan War. Modern Karachi was reputedly founded in as the settlement of Kolachi-jo-Goth. The region around Karachi has been the site of human habitation for millennia. Late Palaeolithic and Mesolithic sites have been excavated in the Mulri Hills along Karachi's northern outskirts.
These earliest inhabitants are believed to have been hunter-gathererswith ancient flint tools discovered at several sites. The expansive Karachi region is believed to have been known to the Ancient Greeksand may have been the site of Barbarikon, an ancient seaport which was located at the nearby mouth of the Indus River.
Under his rule, fortifications in the region acted as a bulwark against Portuguese incursions into Sindh. InOttoman admira l, Seydi Ali Reismentioned a small port along the Sindh coast by the name of Kaurashi that may have been Karachi. A new fortified settlement was built in at the site of Dibrowhich came to be known as Kolachi-jo-Goth "The village of Kolachi". The settlement was fortified, and defended with cannons imported by Sindhi sailors from Muscat, Oman.
The name Karachee was used for the first time in a Dutch document fromin which a merchant ship de Ridderkerk is shipwrecked near the settlement. Following the annexation, the entire province was amalgamated into the Bombay Presidency for the next 93 years. A few years later inKarachi suffered a large cholera outbreak, which lead the to the establishment of the Karachi Cholera Board - the predecessor to the city's civic government.
The city grew under the administration of its new Commissioner, Henry Bartle Edward Frere, who was appointed in Karachi was recognized for its strategic importance, prompting the British to establish the Port of Karachi in The Census of Pakistan was a detailed enumeration of the Pakistani population which began on 15 March and ended on 25 May The census was conducted by the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics for the first time in 21st century, after 19 years.
Karachi, Pakistan Population
The results showed a total population of Pakistan atpeople. The census was conducted by 91, enumerators from various government sectors, of which the Pakistan Army provided security withpersonnel. The census was conducted in 2 phases.
The first phase lasted from 15 March to 13 April and covered 63 districts of the country. The second phase began on 25 April and lasted until 24 May covering the remaining 88 districts. However, the census in the Islamabad Capital Territory and neighbouring districts of Attock and Rawalpindialthough included in the second phase, began on 30 March and concluded on 23 May Furthermore, for administrative purposes, the census in the Kech District of Balochistan was spread over both phases.
The provisional results of the Census were presented to the Council of Common Interests on 25 August The population of 10 major cities of the country has increased by The total population of the 10 cities surged to 40, individuals as per the census from 23, registered during the census, the data revealed. The Religion census data was due to be released in March but it has still not been made public. Transgender rights campaigners have claimed the count of 10, transgender people nationally in the census significantly underestimates the size of Pakistan's transgender population.
Mona Ali, who is a leader of a Lahore-based transgender rights group known as the Khawaja Sira Societyestimates there aretotransgender people in the Punjab province alone. Bindya Rana, leader of the Karachi-based transgender rights group Jiyaestimates that there aretransgender people across Pakistan.
The census identified transgender people according to their national identity cards, not accounting for those whose cards do not disclose their transgender status in order to avoid discrimination.
The Sindh Assembly refused to accept the results of the census, stating that millions of people were shown with double addresses and counted in their home provinces despite living and working in Sindh. Shahab Uddin Khana Member of the National Assembly MNA from Bajaur Agencyhas stated he believes that a large number of people displaced from the Mamund and Nawagai regions due to security operations have not been counted by the census.
He has stated he intends to challenge the census in court. He added that he will take up the issue with the federal government along with other lawmakers. Sajid Hussain Turian MNA from Khyber Agencyclaimed that more than three million people from FATA are living in other cities in the country due to military operations, and expressed concern that developmental work in the region could be underfunded if the population is underestimated by the census.
He issued a statement demanding that data collected by the statistics division should be compared to data from the Pakistan Army. PPP leader Nawab Muhammad Yousuf accused authorities of doctoring the results, alleging that the population of Sindh had been intentionally underestimated by at least 10 million and the population of Punjab had been overestimated by 10 million.
He described the results as an attempt to usurp the rights of Sindh. Bushra Goharleader of Awami National Party ANPpointed out in a tweet that the reported population of around 5 million for the Federally Administered Tribal Areas seems contradictory to the fact that there have been nearly 2 million internally displaced persons registered from North Waziristan alone.
Chief Census Commissioner Asif Bajwa rejected allegations that the census results had been manipulated and that the population of Karachi had been intentionally understated.
He stated that the populations of Karachi and Lahore were counted as per the record of national identity cards and voter lists and that the census data had already been verified with statistics recorded by the army. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.The country of Pakistan has a history that dates back to almost 2, years B.
It is considered to be one of the most highly advanced and highly developed civilizations of those ancient times. Finally becoming a sovereign state and eventually recognized as an official mark on the map of the world on August 14,this country is known for having deep roots in the Islamic religion.
Last collected in the yearthe population, at that point, stood at a reportedThis number came from a report that was published by the World Bank in Back inthe estimated population was around Over the next ten years, the estimated population grew by about 34 million people. Today, the estimated Pakistan population is approximately Pakistan has an impressive 10 cities with populations exceeding one million, but the two largest by far are Karachi and Lahore with populations of 14, and 11, respectively.
The third largest is Faisalabadwith a population of 3, The remaining seven countries over 1 million listed in order of their respective sizes are RawalpindiGujranwalaPeshawarMultanHyderabadIslamabad, and Quetta.
There have been very drastic and dramatic social changes in Pakistan. These vital changes have ushered in a new era of urbanization and the creation of a couple of megacities within the country. As ofthe country became one of the most urbanized cities in all of South Asiamainly because city dwellers made up about 36 percent of its entire population at that point.
About 50 percent of Pakistani citizens live in a place where at least 5, other citizens reside as well. Most Pakistani people come from the ancestral group known as the Indo-Iranians.
The largest ethnic group in Pakistan consists of those of Punjabi ethnicity, while Pashtuns and Sindhis are the second and third largest ethnic groups in the country, respectively. There is a special mixed ethnic group between the Punjabi ethnicity and the Sindhi ethnicity, and this group makes up about 10 percent of the entire Pakistani population.
When we consider the foreigners who live in Pakistan, a majority of them come from Afghanistan. The most popular language in Pakistan is Punjabi, a language in which 88 percent of the population speaks. Second is the language Saraiki, which is spoken by 10 percent of the population; and coming in third is the language Pashto, spoken by 15 percent of the population. English is widely spoken throughout the government of Pakistan, mainly because it is actually the official language of the government of the country.
Many government officials, civil servants, and members of the military speak English in their daily conversations and their meetings. In the yearthe life expectancy of a Pakistani citizen was only at As of the yearthe life expectancy has jumped up to 63 years of age. The improvement was a direct result of improved medical facilities and better educated health professionals available in the country. The downside, unfortunately, is that doctors and nurses are still in short number for the citizens that need them.